Asked and Answered . . .

Retired State Supreme Court justice reflects on distinguished career

By Frederick Baker Jr.

Shortly after Justice Michael F. Cavanagh retired from the Michigan Supreme Court, after 32 years of service on the high court, and formally joined the firm of Alane & Chartier, he was kind enough to grant an interview. Following are his comments on what the future holds for him now that he has returned to private practice after nearly a half-century of public service.

Cavanagh is the longest serving appellate court judge in Michigan history, and, by a matter of just a few months, the second-longest serving justice of the Michigan Supreme Court.

Baker: You have done it all, from clerking at the (then) brand new Michigan Court of Appeals, to serving in the Lansing City Attorney's Office, to private practice with the Farhat firm, and service at the district, Court of Appeals and Supreme Court levels of the Michigan judiciary. Yet here you are, embarking on yet another career. What keeps you so active and engaged in the profession?

Cavanagh: I am fortunate to have good health and a pretty good energy level, and I can't imagine dropping out of sight and doing nothing. I enjoyed private practice very much prior to assuming the bench and am looking forward to returning to it at a rather leisurely pace.

Baker: I noticed when I was working on background for this interview that the clerks who were with you at the end of your term, Elizabeth Ribby-Shiels, Julie Agueros, Kirk Lapham, and Joel Knaack, have all gone on to some form of public service. Do you think your example played any part in their post-clerkship career choices?

Cavanagh: A good number of my former clerks have continued in public service with the Attorney General's office, as Assistant U.S. Attorneys, in prosecutors' offices, and in judgeships. I stay in touch with many of them. I have been fortunate to have had the service of some 52 outstanding and talented men and women, and was flattered when over 30 of them, from around the country, returned for the court's retirement reception for me.

Baker: Not many jurists with a history of accomplishments as impressive as yours have gone into practice with two of their former clerks after leaving the bench, as you have chosen to do. What is it about Mary Chartier and Natalie Alane and the practice they have built that persuaded you to take this unusual step?

Cavanagh: Mary and Natalie are two very talented and dynamic individuals possessed of boundless energy. Having worked with them at the Supreme Court, I became well aware of their talent and engaging personalities and felt very comfortable reuniting with them. After my many years on the bench, our association has provided me with a low pressure "soft landing."

Baker: What goals have you set for yourself in this new private practice phase of your career? What kinds of work do you see yourself doing?

Cavanagh: I anticipate that my role will be diverse-mentoring the young lawyers in the firm, aiding Mary and Natalie in their appellate matters, consultation with other lawyers on appellate matters, moot courting (with other retired appellate judges) other firms' appellate arguments, and, of course, continuing my involvement with our state's tribal courts.

Baker: Former Chief Justice Thomas Brennan appeared before the Supreme Court, both on briefs and as an oral advocate, a number of times after serving on the court. Do you think that someday you might appear as an advocate before your former colleagues?

Cavanagh: I have no such plans at present, but would not rule out that possibility.

Baker: You, perhaps more than any other single person, are responsible for the collegial relationship of mutual respect that exists between the Michigan judiciary and the tribal courts of Michigan's federally recognized tribes. What prompted you, especially when you were chief justice, and consistently since then while serving as an associate justice, to devote so much time and effort to establishing and nurturing the warm relationship between these separate-sovereign judicial systems?

Cavanagh: When I served as chief justice, I became aware of my own ignorance about our state's tribal courts and felt it important to educate our state court judges and the bar about the constitutions and court rules of these sovereigns within our state. These tribal court systems are much less adversarial than our system where we have to have a winner and a loser. Their goals are more focused on a restorative sort of justice. I firmly believe that our state can benefit greatly from greater informed and cooperative interaction with our tribal communities.

Baker: Traditional Indian culture places a greater value on the wisdom that comes with age and experience than is perhaps reflected in Michigan's constitutional bar against being reelected to the bench after the age of 70. Michigan tribal courts also include an appellate level. Have you ever thought about what your reaction might be if a Michigan tribe asked you to serve on its appellate court?

Cavanagh: Yes, I have thought about that possibility and think I would enjoy such an opportunity.

Baker: When I was a Commissioner at the Supreme Court, I once researched how often the United States Supreme Court had reversed the Michigan Supreme Court in cases in which you had dissented. Though I cannot recall the exact percentage, I remember being astonished at how often SCOTUS had agreed with you when you dissented. Can you recall any cases in which you were particularly gratified to be vindicated by the high court?

Cavanagh: I have never kept track of my batting average but have always felt a well written dissent serves a very useful purpose by airing a rational opposing view and pointing out the flaws in the majority's reasoning. One matter where the reasoning of my dissent was adopted by SCOTUS was very gratifying. In the case of People v. Bulger, [462 Mich 495 (2000), overruled in Halbert v. Michigan, 545 US 605, 622 (2005) (citing dissent in Bulger of Cavanagh, J.)], the legislature had determined that a guilty-pleading defendant forfeited an appeal of right and could only appeal by application. Our court ruled [in Bulger] that there was no right to counsel on that application. I dissented and would have held that as the only first tier of appeal that a defendant had, there was a right to counsel. SCOTUS, by I believe a 7-2 vote, ultimately agreed with my dissent.

Baker: Having had some opportunity to reflect on your many years of service on the Michigan bench, do you have any thoughts to share with our readers?

Cavanagh: I have said many times that I feel very fortunate to have had the opportunity to serve on a trial court, our intermediate appellate court and, of course, our Supreme Court. Each level presented different challenges and each produced a unique sense of satisfaction. I am very grateful.


(This interview was first published in the March issue of "Briefs," a newsletter of the Ingham County Bar Association. Frederick Baker Jr. is a former commissioner of the Michigan Supreme Court and now is Of Counsel with the Lansing law firm of Willingham & Cote.)

Published: Thu, Apr 02, 2015

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